Arts & Culture | Paris Conservatoire | Early Romantic | Classical

The Paris Conservatoire revolutionized music education in France. For most of the eighteenth century such education in Paris was rooted in church choir schools, but as these gradually closed as the century progressed the Ecole Royal de Chant was founded (1783), largely thanks to Gossec. This institution became the Institut National de Musique in 1793. By 1794 there were 80 pupils. On 3 August 1795 the Paris Conservatoire was founded out of this institution; the following year there were 351 pupils and 115 professors. At this time the five inspectors were Cherubini, Gossec, Grétry, Le Sueur and Méhul. The Paris Conservatoire was the first truly modern institution of its type, organized on a national basis and supported entirely from public funds.

The Conservatoire trained a prestigious generation of instrumentalists. One of its functions was to provide music for public ceremonies, and as a result the teaching staff went from being mainly singers and those connected with the opera to being instrumentalists, principally wind players: there were 19 ‘professors’ of the clarinet and 12 of the bassoon. The Conservatoire’s record at producing world-class singers was therefore less successful. A formal curriculum and examination statutes were put in place, although when Cherubini took over from François-Louis Perne as director in 1822, he introduced a more structured hierarchy of study, from counterpoint, harmony and fugue to composition, and laid the foundation of music education for years to come.

Arts & Culture | The Romantics | Early Romantic | Classical


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.