Houses & Companies | Paris Opéra | High Romantic | Opera
The Académie Royale de Musique (now known as the Paris Académie de Musique or the Paris Opéra), has had many homes. The Académie opened in 1671, and from 1672–87 was largely controlled by Jean-Baptiste Lully (1632–87). In 1763, the building was destroyed by fire, as was the next building in 1781. The Opéra moved to rue de Richelieu as Theatre des Arts in 1794, to the rue Favart in 1821, and then to rue Lepeletier in 1822 where it experienced a golden age in its history. Operas by Meyerbeer and Daniel Auber (1782–1871) were performed, as well as specially commissioned works by Rossini (Guillaume Tell, 1829) and Verdi (Don Carlos, 1867 and Les vêpres siciliennes, 1855).
The Palais Garnier, or Salle Garnier, designed by architect Charles Garnier, opened in 1875 and could seat 2,600. This fairy-tale venue, with its myriad underground vaults and passages, inspired Gaston Leroux’s novel The Phantom of the Opera (1910), and also showcases the famous Chagall ceiling. The new house, Opéra Bastille, opened in 1990 and able to seat 2,700, is located at the Place de la Bastille.
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