Instruments | Psaltery, Cittole & Gittern | Medieval Era | Classical
The medieval psaltery was a flat box with strings running across its top; it was plucked either by the fingers or by a quill held in each hand. The harp-psaltery, or rote, took the form of a right-angled triangle with the apex pointing into the musician’s lap. Although played like a harp, in construction it was more similar to a psaltery as the soundbox was positioned behind the strings and filled the entire triangle.
The cittole and the gittern are two instruments of the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries that are often confused with one another. Both were held across the body and played like a guitar, plucked with the right hand with the strings stopped by the left hand. The gittern had a pear-shaped body with a curved back, tapering into a neck ending in a peg box. The cittole was flat-backed and shaped in a figure-of-eight. To release the sound from the hollow body, the former had a series of holes puncturing the front like a lute rose and the latter a pair of C-shaped holes, not unlike a violin.
An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...
Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.
The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.
Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers
his life, music, art and movies, with a
sweep of incredible photographs.