Personalities | Anton Rubinstein | Late Romantic | Classical

(An’-ton Roo’-ben-stin) 1829–94
Russian pianist and composer

Rubinstein’s younger brother Nikolai (1835–81) founded the Moscow Conservatory. As a child prodigy Anton played to Liszt. His legendary virtuosity was acclaimed across Europe and the US, where he toured with Wieniawski in 1872. He espoused German Romanticism and thus, as founder-director of the St Petersburg Conservatory (1862), represented the ‘conservative’ opposition to the radical nationalism of ‘The Five’. Rubinstein founded the Russian Music Society and also composed several ‘Russian’ works, such as the overture Ivan the Terrible, first given by Balakirev, among a large output of 20 operas, six symphonies and piano works, including the Melody in F (1852). His five piano concertos were very popular and strongly influenced Tchaikovsky’s First Piano Concerto.

Recommended Recording:
The Demon, soloists, Moscow Chamber Choir, Vienna SO (cond) Vladimir Fedoseyev (Koch-Schwann)

Introduction | Late Romantic | Classical
Personalities | Camille Saint-Saëns | Late Romantic | Classical


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