Personalities | E.T.A. (Ernst Theodor Amadeus) Hoffmann | High Romantic | Opera

1776–1822, German

E.T.A. Hoffmann, the German novelist, critic, composer and conductor was among the most influential literary figures of the Romantic movement. He was the first to suggest that Mozart’s Don Giovanni was a Romantic rather than a Classical opera because of its strong associations between love and death. Hoffmann wrote several operas with dialogue, notably Undine (1816), as well as important critical works on Romanticism and numerous stories, many of which were used as a basis for over two dozen operas by various composers. Among them was Adolphe Adam (1803–56), who took his La poupée de Nuremberg (‘The Doll of Nuremberg’, 1852) from Hoffmann’s Der Sandmann (‘The Sandman’, 1816). Der Sandmann, together with two other Hoffmann stories, with the German author himself as the central character, were used by Offenbach for his last opera, Les contes d’Hoffmann. Hoffmann also featured as a character in three twentieth-century operas.

Introduction | High Romantic | Opera
Personalities | Victor Hugo | High Romantic | Opera


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.