Personalities | Giulio Caccini | Early & Middle Baroque | Opera

1551–1618, Italian

At age 13, Giulio Caccini arrived at the court of the de’ Medici family in Florence and very quickly proved himself immensely gifted in several musical skills – as singer, composer, teacher, lutenist and harpist. In 1598, Caccini helped Peri compose Dafne. In 1600, he became superintendent of musicians and actors at the ducal court of Tuscany. In the same year, Caccini wrote his first opera, Il rapimento di Cefalo (‘The Kidnapping of Cefalo’) and his second, Euridice, with libretto by Ottavio Rinuccini. This Euridice was first performed in 1602. There was some dispute with Peri, who also used Rinuccini’s text and acknowledged that his score included some of Caccini’s music: this was not good enough for Caccini, who claimed that he, and not Peri, had ‘invented’ the operatic style. However, Caccini’s greatest contribution to music and opera did not lie with his compositions but with his book Le nuove musiche (‘The New Music’), published in 1602. Here, Caccini made a powerful case for the radical changes of style and mood that revolutionized music in the Baroque period and prompted the birth of opera.

Introduction | Early & Middle Baroque | Opera
Major Operas | Euridice by Giulio Caccini | Early & Middle Baroque
Personalities | Pedro Calderón de la Barca | Early & Middle Baroque | Opera


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.