Personalities | Johann Joseph Fux | Late Baroque | Classical

(Yo’-han Yo’-sef Fooks) 1660–1741
German composer, organist and theorist

There are large gaps in the biographical knowledge of Fux. It is almost certain that he was born into a peasant family somewhere in Germany, but precisely where he acquired his musical skills remains a mystery. Real knowledge of the composer begins from 1698, when Emperor Leopold I appointed Fux Hofcomponist (‘head composer’) at the Vienna court. In 1700 Fux travelled to Rome, and there he studied with Bernardo Pasquini (1637–1710). In 1705 he was created Vice-Kapellmeister – and later Kapellmeister – of St Stephen’s Cathedral, Vienna. A year later Leopold appointed him court Vice-Kapellmeister and in 1715 Kapellmeister. Fux composed Italian oratorios, around 80 Masses, motets and other church music, and Italian operas; Costanza e Fortezza (‘Patience and Fortitude’, 1723) was performed in Prague at the coronation of Emperor Charles VI as king of Bohemia. Concentus musico-instrumentalis (‘Instrumental Collection’, 1701) contains some of his most ambitious orchestral suites (partite). His Latin treatise on counterpoint, Gradus ad Parnassum (‘Steps to Parnassus’, 1725), was studied by all the great composers of the following era, including Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven, and remained influential until the turn of the twentieth century.

Recommended Recording:
Overtures, Il Fondamento (dir) Paul Dombrecht (Passacaille)

Introduction | Late Baroque | Classical
Personalities | Francesco Geminiani | Late Baroque | Classical


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.