Personalities | Johann Wolfgang von Goethe | Early Romantic | Opera

1749–1832, German

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, greatest of all German poets and dramatists, created what became almost a genre in its own right with his Faust (1808). The theme captured the imaginations of numerous composers and among the 122 operas based on Goethe’s writings, the Faustian legend formed the plot for 20 of them. Goethe did more than provide texts for composers, however. He had a passion for music and wrote the libretti for eight Singspiel compositions. He was a great admirer of Mozart’s Die Zauberflöte and, being a Freemason, recognized and appreciated its masonic content. Goethe wrote part of a sequel to Die Zauberflöte, but unfortunately it was never set to music. Between 1791 and 1817, when Goethe was director of the Weimar Theater, the repertoire included several operas, and Mozart’s music featured in 280 of the performances.

Introduction | Early Romantic | Opera
Personalities | Giulia Grisi | Early Romantic | Opera
Techniques | Singspiel | Classical Era | Opera


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.