Personalities | John Cage | Contemporary | Classical
Cage’s initial studies led to a devotion to Schoenberg and the new method of serialism, but this early fascination did not stay long in his music. In 1939 he composed First Construction (In Metal), which bases its structure on durations and not harmony. It was also around this time that Cage first began to use the prepared piano, an instrument that was to become central to his compositional aesthetic. This is a normal piano with everyday items such as rubber bands and screws inserted between the strings to alter the sound. It was one such work – Sonatas and Interludes (1946–48) – that impressed Boulez when Cage visited Paris in 1949. In the late 1940s, he began to develop a strong interest in silence, rooted in the philosophies of Asian religions. Initially Cage used such means as the prepared piano to write music with ‘silent’ harmony, but on hearing Feldman’s Extensions 1 (a graphic composition where only the number and register of pitches are indicated) he found a whole new level of compositional silence. This reached its zenith in 4’33” (1952), which consists only of the noises made by audience members and the outside world. The late 1950s and 60s were largely spent in discussion of his musical philosophy. From the 1970s onwards, Cage began to write prolifically again, with the same chance elements, often in response to commissions from performers.
Fourteen, Ives Ensemble (Hat-Hut)
An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...
Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.
The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.
Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers
his life, music, art and movies, with a
sweep of incredible photographs.