Personalities | Krzysztof Penderecki | Contemporary | Classical

(K’zhesh’-tôf Pen-de-ret’-ske) b. 1933
Polish composer

Following the early influence of Stravinsky and Webern, Penderecki joined the forefront of the avant-garde with Tern ofiarom Hiroszimy (‘Threnody for the Victims of Hiroshima’, 1960), which uses tone-clusters, quarter-tones and graphic notation. His music of this time is searingly intense and passionate. His music softened during the late 1970s, becoming more overtly tonal and Romantic (Violin Concerto No. 1). Penderecki has also made a significant contribution to opera with four works, including Die schwarze Maske (‘The Black Mask’, 1984–86). Since 1988 he has produced a number of symphonies and concertos, including the Violin Concerto No. 2 (1992–95).

Recommended Recording:
Viola Concerto, Kim Kashkashian, Stuttgart CO (cond) Dennis Russell Davies (ECM)

Introduction | Contemporary | Classical
Personalities | Henri Pousseur | Contemporary | Classical


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.