Personalities | Phil Spector | Sixties | Rock

(Producer, b. 1939)

Phil Spector devised a studio recording technique he called ‘symphonies for the kids’, which had considerable success in the 1960s and became known as the Wall of Sound. Characterized by mono production, it had fantastically rich choral and orchestral layering (sometimes as many as 300 musicians) behind the vocals of the titular performers he worked with.

Best remembered for his girl groups The Crystals and The Ronettes (who appear on his classic 1963 LP A Christmas Gift For You), he perfected his approach on The Righteous Brothers’ 1965 ‘You’ve Lost That Lovin’ Feelin’’ and Ike and Tina Turner’s 1966 ‘River Deep – Mountain High’. The latter’s US chart failure (it reached No. 3 in Britain) shattered Spector, and he became a notoriously eccentric recluse. He has since made rare comebacks (notably with George Harrison and The Ramones). Respect for his often-imitated innovations has been overshadowed by his 2003 arrest for murder. After a 2007 mistrial, he was convicted in 2009 and given a prison sentence of 19 years to life.

Styles & Forms | Sixties | Rock
Personalities | Spirit | Sixties | Rock

Source: The Definitive Illustrated Encyclopedia of Rock, general editor Michael Heatley


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.