Personalities | Johann Nepomuk Hummel | Early Romantic | Classical

(Yo’-han Ne’-po-mook Hoom’-mel) 1778–1837
Austrian composer and pianist

A child prodigy, Hummel studied with Mozart soon after moving to Vienna at the age of eight, and later studied with Albrechtsberger and Salieri. From 1804 to 1811 he was Konzertmeister to Prince Esterházy, composing for the chapel (most of his sacred works date from this period), and was later Kapellmeister at Stuttgart. In 1818 he moved to Weimar, where he conducted at the court theatre. He had a long-standing rivalry with Beethoven, which was reconciled only during Beethoven’s final illness (Hummel was a pall-bearer at his funeral). As a composer Hummel is generally known for his virtuoso piano works, although he explored most genres (he never wrote a symphony). His style is essentially late classical, bridging the gap between Mozart and Chopin, characterized by clarity of texture, embroidered melodic lines, and harmonic and formal solidity. His reputation now rests, perhaps unfairly, on only a fraction of his large output. Basically a conservative, Hummel nevertheless paved the way for the revolutionary composers of early Romanticism.

Recommended Recording:
Piano Concertos Nos. 2 & 3, Stephen Hough, English CO (cond) Bryden Thomson (Chandos)

Introduction | Early Romantic | Classical
Personalities | Friedrich Kuhlau | Early Romantic | Classical


An extensive music information resource, bringing together the talents and expertise of a wide range of editors and musicologists, including Stanley Sadie, Charles Wilson, Paul Du Noyer, Tony Byworth, Bob Allen, Howard Mandel, Cliff Douse, William Schafer, John Wilson...


Classical, Rock, Blues, Jazz, Country and more. Flame Tree has been making encyclopaedias and guides about music for over 20 years. Now Flame Tree Pro brings together a huge canon of carefully curated information on genres, styles, artists and instruments. It's a perfect tool for study, and entertaining too, a great companion to our music books.

Rock, A Life Story

Rock, A Life Story

The ultimate story of a life of rock music, from the 1950s to the present day.

David Bowie

David Bowie

Fantastic new, unofficial biography covers his life, music, art and movies, with a sweep of incredible photographs.