Instruments | Euphonium | Late Romantic | Classical
The euphonium (the name is coined from Greek and means ‘sweet-voiced’) is a brass instrument with a compass of three octaves. Developed from the bass saxhorn, it has a wide conical profile and an upward-facing bell. Although prototypes were known in Germany in the 1820s and an instrument was patented in 1838 by Carl Moritz of Berlin, the first euphonium was made by Sommer of Bavaria in 1843. Adopted by brass bands in several countries, the euphonium is a rare visitor to the symphony orchestra, though it is often heard playing the Wagner-horn part in Strauss’s Ein Heldenleben and the ophicleide parts in Berlioz.
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