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Puccini’s lifelong interest in Wagner began when he was a student. In spite of infrequent stage productions of his operas, Wagner aroused strong sentiments in Italy. Both Puccini’s teachers were determined anti-Wagnerians and, to make life even more difficult for Puccini, so was Giulio Ricordi. Some have even given Puccini’s love of Wagner as a reason for him ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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an elliptical loop ending in a small bell and fingered using four valves, this is a type of tuba probably based on the saxhorn. When writing the Ring, Wagner wanted a brass instrument to bridge the gap between the French horns and the trombones. The 1853 sketch for Das Rheingold specifies trombones at one stage. This is later marked ...

Source: Classical Music Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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‘The Flying Dutchman’ Initially a one-act opera, Der Fliegende Holländer was later expanded to three. Wagner was anxious to make sure it was performed in the way he wished, and wrote detailed production notes for the directors and singers. He also conducted the first performance at the Hofoper or Court Opera in Dresden on 2 January 1843. Although Wagner ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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and performers alike and no less rewarding in terms of its infinite fascination and endless ability to engage an audience’s emotions on the very deepest level. Origins of the Ring Wagner first became interested in the subject of the Ring in the mid-1840s, at a time when several other composers, including Felix Mendelssohn (1809–47), Robert Schumann (1810–56), Liszt and ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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operas of Rossini or in Verdi’s Falstaff: what ‘comedy’ means in this context is the bitter ‘human comedy’. The premiere of Die Meistersinger took place in Munich on 21 June 1868. Wagner based his opera on the real-life members of the Guild of Mastersingers in sixteenth-century Germany. They were the middle-class equivalent of the aristocratic groups whose Song Contest featured in Wagner’s ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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, but will be protected by a magic fire that only a hero will brave. He removes her godhead and calls Loge to surround her with fire. Personalities | Richard Wagner | High Romantic | Opera Major Operas | Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner | High Romantic Major Operas | Preliminary Evening: Das Rheingold by Richard Wagner | High ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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Franz Liszt, the great Hungarian composer whose daughter Cosima married Wagner in 1870, conducted the first performance of the three-act opera Lohengrin at the Court Theatre, Weimar on 28 August 1850. Wagner provided a blueprint for productions of Lohengrin, just as he did for Tannhäuser, and emphasized the duty of the stage manager not to leave ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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Wagner had first encountered the early thirteenth-century romance Parzivâl by Wolfram von Eschenbach (c. 1170–c. 1220) in 1845 and frequently returned to the subject in the course of the decades that followed, completing the libretto in 1877 and the music in 1882. By now his views had changed, and the text and its imagery are permeated by the Aryan ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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over the treasure. Fafner kills Fasolt and departs with the gold. As the gods enter Valhalla, the Rhinemaidens are heard lamenting the loss of their gold. Personalities | Richard Wagner | High Romantic | Opera Major Operas | Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner | High Romantic Major Operas | First Day: Die Walküre by Richard Wagner | High ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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with Notung; the Wanderer departs. Siegfried enters the fire and finds the sleeping Brünnhilde. He wakes her with a kiss and they sing a passionate love duet. Personalities | Richard Wagner | High Romantic | Opera Major Operas | Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner | High Romantic Major Operas | Preliminary Evening: Das Rheingold by Richard Wagner | High ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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The full title of this opera in three acts is Tannhäuser und der Sängerkrieg auf Wartburg (‘Tannhäuser and the Song Contest on the Wartburg’). Wagner, who took nearly three years to write the opera, conducted the first performance at the Dresden Hofoper on 19 October 1845. This was the first of two Wagner operas in which a song contest ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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Rhinemaidens reclaim the ring and drag Hagen under the waves. There is a red light in the heavens as Valhalla and the gods are consumed by fire. Personalities | Richard Wagner | High Romantic | Opera Major Operas | Der Ring des Nibelungen by Richard Wagner | High Romantic Major Operas | Preliminary Evening: Das Rheingold by Richard Wagner | High ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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was based on an Arthurian legend, and featured a regular theme in Wagner’s operas – the plight of lovers doomed to a cruel, inescapable fate. In Tristan, Wagner illustrated the themes of love and death with chromatics, a term describing notes that did not belong to the diatonic scale: this scale comprised only those notes in a ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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changed the course of music and built a lasting shrine to his art in the northern Bavarian town of Bayreuth. Early Successes A myth-maker in life as in art, Wagner sought to portray himself as a natural genius with an inborn aptitude for composition. In fact, his formal lessons extended over a period of three and a half years ...

Source: Definitive Opera Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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(Rich’-ärd Varg’-na) 1813–83 German composer Wagner is one of the most influential and controversial composers in the history of classical music. He was born in Leipzig and educated there and in Dresden. His later years were spent in Bayreuth, the home of the festival theatre and the yearly summer festival he founded, which still flourish today. The idea of Bayreuth ...

Source: Classical Music Encyclopedia, founding editor Stanley Sadie
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